India's building sector is experiencing unprecedented growth and is likely to add about 35 billion m² of new floor area by 2050. Presently, according to the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), the building sector accounts for approximately 35% of total energy consumption and is growing at nearly 8% annually. India also faces exponential growth in cooling demand - currently, it has one of the lowest per capita kWh worldwide for space cooling, despite having extremely high cooling needs. Providing thermal comfort, reliable electricity, and nutritional food to all its citizens is a key challenge and also a pressing priority. This offers emerging opportunities for more future-ready buildings and habitable communities – with ambitious building energy codes, net-zero energy, and net-zero carbon buildings, grid-interactive buildings, and low-energy cooling innovations in the buildings sector.

Strategic focus area


Area of work

    • Ratcheting Up of MEPS
    • Enhancing the Coverage of Standards and Labelling Program
    • Energy Access for All
    • Thermal Comfort for All
    • Passive Cooling Strategies
    • Evidence-based: Policy Implementation
    • Urban Cooling Plan
    • Net-zero Buildings
    • Smart Buildings
    • Building Stock Modelling
    • Doubling of Farmers’ Income
    • Innovative Business Models for Cold Chain Solutions
    • Climate-friendly Immunisation Supply Cold Chain